Smallest Countries/Territories in the World

The 18 Smallest Countries/Territories In The World And How To Visit Them

Kerwin McKenzie Destination Information 30 Comments

The 18 Smallest Countries/Territories In The World

It’s no secret that I’ve visited 125 countries/territories and want to visit all the countries/territories in the world. My own island where I grew up, Jamaica, though small is 4,244 square miles, so it does not even come close to the top 18. A few years ago, I visited the smallest country in the world; Vatican City aka Holy See, and it occurred to me that it may be good to look at the 18 smallest countries/territories in the world and how to visit them using your flight benefits.

If you want to see a complete list of all the territories in the world, head over to the Century Club.

If you ever want to know which routes are flown from any of the particular airports, use the Airport Schedules (premium content) and then you can plot your journey with the Mileage Calculator.


So here goes:

18. Grenada (132.8 square miles)

Although this island is located in the Caribbean and I’m from the Caribbean, I’ve not had a chance to visit just yet. My friend Natasha did though and had way too much chocolate :-). Grenada is also famous for nutmeg; in the Caribbean we put it porridge.

Airlines Serving Grenada (GND): Air Canada (AC), American Airlines (AA), British Airways (BA), Caribbean Airlines (BW), Condor (DE), Delta Air Lines (DL), Iberia Airlines (IB), JetBlue Airways (B6), Liat (LI) and Virgin Atlantic Airways (VS).


17. Malta (122 square miles)

I visited Malta when I took a cruise by MSC Fantasia about two years ago. This was my second visit to Malta having visited in 2000. It’s a lovely place. Malta is the home of Air Malta (KM) with services to its airport in Laqua by several major European airlines from major European cities. My other Web site Unfamiliar Destinations has additional information on Gozo and Valletta.

Malta - Port of VallartaMalta – Port of Vallarta

Airlines Serving Malta (MLA): Aegean Airlines (A3), Air Malta (KM), Air Serbia (JU), AirBaltic (BT), Alitalia (AZ), Atlantic Airways (RC), Austrian Airlines (OS), British Airways (BA), Condor (DE), Czech Airlines (OK), EasyJet Airlines (U2), Emirates (EK), Finnair (AY), Iberia Express (I2), (LS), Lufthansa German Airlines (LH), Luxair (LG), Norwegian Air Shuttle (DY), Qantas (QF), Ryanair (FR), SAS (SK), Swiss Airlines (LX), Transavia (HV), Transavia France (TO), TUI fly (X3), TunisAir Express (UG), Turkish Airlines (TK), Volotea (V7), Vueling (VY) and Wizz Air (W6).


16. Maldives (115.8 square miles)

In late 2014, I had the opportunity to visit this island country. It’s really a collection of tiny islands in 26 atolls. I actually stayed on the island Hulhumale which is connected to the airport island (Hulhule) by a narrow roadway. Incidentally, the runway is the length of the airport island.

I was in Sri Lanka and flew on Korean Airlines (KE) on the tag from Seoul-Incheon (ICN). I was feeling adventurous and actually leisurely walked around the island’s capital of Male. It took about three hours.
You can get to Male (MLE) from most of the European and Asian hubs, plus the Middle East hubs of Emirates (EK), Etihad (EY) and Qatar (QR). Transiting India is also very doable as its just across the way. You may require a visa, so ensure you check that first.

Korean Airlines (KE) Airbus A330 on the ramp in Male Airport (MLE)Korean Airlines (KE) Airbus A330 on the ramp in Male Airport (MLE)

Airlines Serving Male (MLE): Aeroflot (SU), Air Asia (AK), Air France (AF), Air India (AI), Alitalia (AZ), Austrian Airlines (OS), Bangkok Airways (PG), Beijing Capital Airlines (JD), British Airways (BA), Cathay Pacific Airways (CX), China Eastern Airlines (MU), China Southern Airlines (CZ), Condor (DE), Eidelweiss Air (WK), Emirates (EK), Etihad Airways (EY), Fly Me (VP), Hong Kong Airlines (HX), Iberia Airlines (IB), Korean Airlines (KE), Lufthansa German Airlines (LH), Maldivian Airline (Q2), Neos Air (NO), Oman Air (WY), Qatar Airways (QR), Saudi Arabian Airlines (SV), SilkAir (MI), Singapore Airlines (SQ), Spicejet (SG), SriLankan (UL), Thai Asia Airways (FD), Tiger Airways (TR) and Turkish Airlines (TK).


15. St. Kitts & Nevis (100.8 square miles)

This is another Caribbean island I’ve not visited either. But plan to very soon. Apparently you can do really cool plane spotting from the side of the runway. YouTuber SKB Energy has many videos so you can enjoy the airport.

Airlines Serving St. Kitts & Nevis (SKB): Air Canada (AC), Air France (AF), American Airlines (AA), British Airways (BA), Delta Air Lines (DL), Iberia Airlines (IB), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (KL), Liat (LI), Seaborne Airlines (BB), United Airlines (UA) and Winair (WM).


14. Aruba (74.52 square miles)

I love Aruba, except for the lizards :-). Yes, they do have lizards (iguanas), but its a great place to visit. It’s been a while though since I’ve been. I have some additional information on what to do when you visit here. There are lots of lift from North America down to Aruba, so you should not have too much issues.


17 Smallest Countries - Aruba - Renaissance Island

18 Smallest Countries – Aruba – Renaissance Island

Airlines Serving Aruba (AUA): Air Canada (AC), Air France (AF), American Airlines (AA), Aruba Airlines (AG), Avianca (AV), Copa Airlines (CM), Delta Air Lines (DL), Insel Air (7I), InterCaribbean Airways (JY), JetBlue Airways (B6), Jetairfly (TB), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (KL), LAN (LA), QL, Southwest Airlines (WN), Spirit Airlines (NK), Sun Country Airlines (SY), Sunwing Airlines (WG), Surinam Airways (PY), TUI Netherlands (OR), United Airlines (UA), WestJet (WS) and Winair (WM).


13. Easter Island (63.17 square miles)

I have yet to visit this Chilean territory. I came close once when I did a southern hemisphere crawl, but was off by one day since the flight to flight on LAN from Papeete (PPT) does not operate daily.

The Mataveri International Airport (IPC) runs across the southwestern tip of the island and is served by: Air Tahiti Nui (TN) seasonally and LAN (LA).


12. Liechtenstein (61.78 square miles)

This is a German-speaking country in Europe between Austria and Switzerland. It does not have its own airport, but there are three airports within reasonable distances; Friedrichshafen, Germany (FDH), Stuttgart, Germany (STR) and Zürich-Kloten, Switzerland (ZRH). There’s also St. Gallen-Altenrhein, Switzerland (ACH) which is a smaller airport with flights to/from Vienna, Austria (VIE).

Vaduz, Liechtenstein - Vaduz Castle

Once you arrive at either of these airports, you can take a train to Liechtenstein, or go by car. So not too easy to get to, but quite an adventure.

When I did the trip, I took easyJet to FDH from London-Luton I believe it was, then took the train that comes to the airport into the city. Then walked to the ferry station and took the ferry across the lake to Switzerland and then took a train to Liechtenstein and then I took a bus to Vaduz. It was quite the journey :-). I didn’t spend the night there, instead, I went to Zurich. So it made for a very long day. You can see my adventures here.


11. Montserrat (39.38 square miles)

This tiny Caribbean island is located in what’s called the Lesser Antilles part of the Caribbean. A few years ago, it was devastated by a volcanic eruption, but now it’s inhabited again. I do need to pay them a visit soon. Here is some information on Montserrat from my friend Ursula.

It does have its own airport, John A. Osborne Airport (MNI) which is served by FlyMontserrat (5N) from neighboring Antigua (ANU). You may also take the five times a week ferry from Antigua.


10. Hong Kong (31.04 square miles)

Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China. Unlike mainland China, no visa is required for U.S. citizens. All the major worldwide airlines have a presence in Hong Kong. You can find some information about Hong Kong here.

The main airport is Hong Kong International-Chep Lap Kok (HKG) which is home to Cathay Pacific Airways (CX). This was the city that had the awesome landings at Kai Tak airport downtown Hong Kong. I was lucky enough to fly in during the final days and flew out of the new airport on its first day. It was quite interesting.

Sometimes Hong Kong has weight restrictions since the journey back to the U.S. is so long, so be mindful of that when you make your travel plans. If push comes to shove, try heading to Tokyo-Narita or Tokyo-Haneda to get back to the U.S.


Airplanes Hong Kong Airport (HKG)

Airplanes Hong Kong Airport (HKG)


9. San Marino (23.63 square miles)

I’ finally made it to San Marino in 2017; an amazing place with views to die for. There is no airport in this Principality which is contained in the country of Italy.

The closest airport is in Rimini (Federico Fellini International Airport (RMI)) about 30 minutes or so away. Then you can take a bus or drive to the city center.

Airlines Serving Rimini (RMI): Aeroflot (SU), Albawings (2B), blue-express (BV), Finnair (AY), Luxair (LG), Ryanair (FR) and Ural Airlines (U6)

You can also reach San Marino by train from other parts of Europe, but only as far as Rimini. From here you then take the San Marino bus up the hill.

You may also use the Bologna Airport (BLQ) or the Florence Airport (FLR) and take a train from the city center to Rimini and then take the local San Marino bus up the hill.

Airlines Serving Bologna (BLQ): Aegean Airlines (A3), Aer Lingus (EI), Aeroflot (SU), Air Arabia Maroc (3O), Air Cairo (SM), Air Dolomiti (EN), Air France (AF), Air Moldova (9U), Alitalia (AZ), Austrian Airlines (OS), blue-express (BV), , Blue Air (0B), British Airways (BA), Brussels Airlines (SN), Czech Airlines (OK), EasyJet Airlines (U2), Emirates (EK), Ernest Airlines (EG), Eurowings (EW), Georgian Airways (A9), HOP! (A5), Iberia Airlines (IB), Jetairfly (TB), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (KL), Lufthansa German Airlines (LH), Neos Air (NO), Pegasus Airlines (PC), Royal Air Morac (AT), Ryanair (FR), SAS (SK), TAP Portugal (TP), Transavia (HV), Tunisair (TU), Turkish Airlines (TK), Ukraine International (PS), Ural Airlines (U6), Vueling (VY) and Wizz Air (W6).

Airlines Serving Florence (FLR): Air Dolomiti (EN), Air France (AF), Air Moldova (9U), Albawings (2B), Alitalia (AZ), Austrian Airlines (OS), BV, Blue Air (0B), British Airways (BA), Brussels Airlines (SN), CityJet (WX), Iberia Airlines (IB), Jetairfly (TB), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (KL), Lufthansa German Airlines (LH), Swiss Airlines (LX), TAP Portugal (TP) and Vueling (VY).


17S Smallest Countries - San Marino

18 Smallest Countries – San Marino


8. Bermuda (20.54 square miles)

This Caribbean island is where they wear the famous Bermuda shorts. It’s quite an expensive place to visit though. They are a member of the Commonwealth meaning they were under British rule and are still under British rule, but they have an independent parliament; a little complicated.

There are several flights from North America, so that makes its easy to get there.

Airlines Serving Hamilton, Bermuda (BDA):  Air Canada (AC), Air Caraibes (TX), American Airlines (AA), British Airways (BA), Delta Air Lines (DL), JetBlue Airways (B6), United Airlines (UA) and WestJet (WS).


7. Pitcairn Island (18.15 square miles)

Not one of the easiest places to get to at all as it sits in the South Pacific Ocean southeast of Papeete and northeast of New Zealand. Totegegie Airport (GMR) is the closest airport to Pitcairn in French Polynesia, so you’ve have to fly into there and then take a ship over. Not an easy one at all.


6. Macau (11.39 square miles)

Like Hong Kong, Macau is a SAR of the People’s Republic of China, thats a Special Administrative Region. Its complicated to explain :-). You can get there from several nearby countries by using their local airport; Macau International Airport (MFM) or you can take high speed ferries from Hong Kong (HKG); the typical route.

Visa is on arrival for not too much money. Once you get to the island, you can just take one of the local casino buses and go check out the casinos, or you walk or take a local bus or cab to check out the area. It’s actually very worth it.

Airlines Serving Macau: (MFM): Air Asia (AK), Air Asia Zest (Z2), Air Busan (BX), Air China (CA), Air Macau (NX), Air Tindi (8S), Beijing Capital Airlines (JD), Cebu Pacific Air (5J), China Eastern Airlines (MU), EVA Airways (BR), Hainan Airlines (HU), Jeju Air (7C), Jin Air (LJ),  Juneyao Airlines (HO), KR, Philippine Airlines (PR), Shanghai Airlines (FM), Shenzhen Airlines (ZH), Spring Airlines (9C), Thai Asia Airways (FD), Tiger Airways (TR), Tway Air (TW) and Xiamen Air (MF)

Macau Tower

5. Tuvalu (10.4 square miles)

Any airport that has the airport code as FUN can’t be that bad at all. Fiji Airways (FJ) flies here from Nausori, Fiji (SUV). I love this airport code too. You?

From Nausori you can get to Nadi (NAN), Sydney, Australia (SYD) and Auckland, New Zealand (AKL) on Fiji Airways.


4. Republic of Nauru (8.108 square miles)

This is the smallest island nation in the world. Despite being a little difficult to get to, it does have its own international airport, Nauru International (INU) in Yaren in the south of the island. I’m looking forward to checking out Nauru as they have their own airline, Nauru Airlines (ON), and do a similar island hopping to some of the other Micronesian/Marshall Islands as United Airlines does.

I’ve done the United island hopper when it was run by Continental Micronesia, once on the Boeing 727 and then on the Boeing 737-800 and have done it in both directions. It’s quite the challenge, but totally worth the experience.

To get to Nauru, you have to start in Brisbane, Australia (BNE) or start in one of the Micronesian/Marshall islands that United (UA) serves such as Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia (PNI), Kosrae, Federated State of Micronesia (KSA) or Majuro, Marshall Islands (MAJ).

Another way is to start in Nadi, Fiji (NAN) on Nauru Airlines. The airline schedules in this neck of the woods is not daily so be sure to check the airline schedules.


3. Gibraltar (2.625 square miles)

In early 2015, I was in Hamburg, Germany and figured out a routing that would get me to Spain as well as Gibraltar. It’s not the easiest place to get to as the flights are quite expensive, but if you have agreements with the airlines serving the Rock, then you are golden.

Airlines Serving Gibraltar (GIB): British Airways (BA), EasyJet Airlines (U2) and Royal Air Morac (AT).

You may also fly into Jerez de La Frontera (XRY) a I did and then take a local bus to the border city of in Spain and then walk across the border. And yes, you do need your passport. It is quite expensive though and if you take money out of the ATM, be sure and use them before you leave as although they use the British pound as currency, the machines give you Gibraltar pounds which is frowned upon elsewhere in the world including the U.K.

Alternatively, you may even fly into Malaga, Spain (AGP) and then take a bus to the border town of La Linea and then walk across the border to Gibraltar.

The Rock of Gibraltar from the airportThe Rock of Gibraltar from the airport


2. Monaco (0.78 square miles)

For my birthday in 2009, I decided to visit the Principality of Monaco. I even made it more fun by taking Heli Monaco from the Nice (NCE) airport. It was the best 7-minutes I’ve ever spent. Check with them for an interline discount even if your airline does not have an agreement.

This is perhaps the most expensive place I’ve ever visited. The opulence is incredible. The irony of taking a helicopter there is that I took the 1 EUR bus back to Nice.

Airlines Serving the Nice Airport (NCE): Aegean Airlines (A3), Aer Lingus (EI), Aeroflot (SU), Air Algerie (AH), Air Canada (AC), Air Corsica (XK), Air France (AF), Air Transat (TS), AirBaltic (BT), Alitalia (AZ), Austrian Airlines (OS), BJ, Belavia Belarusian Airlines (B2), Blue Air (0B), British Airways (BA), Brussels Airlines (SN),Chalair Aviation (CE), Czech Airlines (OK), Delta Air Lines (DL), Direktflyg (HS), EasyJet Airlines (U2), El Al Airlines (LY), Emirates (EK), Eurowings (EW), Finnair (AY), HOP! (A5), Iberia Airlines (IB), Iberia Express (I2), (LS), Jetairfly (TB), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (KL), LOT Polish (LO), Links Air (W2), Lufthansa German Airlines (LH), Luxair (LG), Middle Eastern Airlines (ME), Nouvelair Tunisie (BJ), Norwegian Air International (D8), Norwegian Air Shuttle (DY), Qatar Airways (QR), Royal Air Morac (AT), Ryanair (FR), SAS (SK), Swiss Airlines (LX), TAP Portugal (TP), Tarom (RO), Transavia (HV), Tunisair (TU), Turkish Airlines (TK), Twin Jet (T7), Ukraine International (PS), Volotea (V7), Vueling (VY) and Wizz Air (W6).


Monte Carlo Hotel, Monaco

Monte Carlo Hotel in Monte Carlo.


1. Vatican City (0.17 square miles)

And so we made it to the smallest country on earth, Holy See aka Vatican City. After many times trying, I finally made it to Vatican City. You see each time I traveled, I usually ended up leaving town too early; weekend trip travels was the reason. For this one I recommend taking a tour as I did with Walks.

The airport of choice here is Rome-Fiumicino, Italy (FCO). Once you arrive take a bus to the city for about 4-6 EUR or take the train into the city. From there it’s easy to get to the Vatican using public transit, a taxi or Uber. There is also another airport Ciampino which is served by low cost carriers.

Airlines Serving Rome-Fiumicino (FCO): A5, AP, Aegean Airlines (A3), Aer Lingus (EI), Aeroflot (SU), Aerolineas Argentinas (AR), Air Algerie (AH), Air Arabia Maroc (3O), Air Cairo (SM), Air Canada (AC), Air Caraibes (TX), Air China (CA), Air Europa (UX), Air France (AF), Air India (AI), Air Malta (KM), Air Moldova (9U), Air Serbia (JU), Air Transat (TS), AirBaltic (BT), Alitalia (AZ), American Airlines (AA), Asiana Airlines (OZ), BV, BZ, Belavia Belarusian Airlines (B2), Blue Air (0B), British Airways (BA), Brussels Airlines (SN), Bulgaria Air (FB), Cathay Pacific Airways (CX), China Airlines (CI), China Eastern Airlines (MU), China Southern Airlines (CZ), Croatia Airlines (OU), Cubana Airlines (CU), Czech Airlines (OK), Norwegian Air (D8), Delta Air Lines (DL), EG, EasyJet Airlines (U2), , EqyptAir (MS), El Al Airlines (LY), Emirates (EK), Ethiopian Airlines (ET), Etihad Airways (EY), Eurowings (EW), Finnair (AY), Hainan Airlines (HU), IZ, Iberia Airlines (IB), Iran Air (IR), (LS), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (KL), Korean Airlines (KE), Kuwait Airways (KU), LAN (LA), Lufthansa German Airlines (LH), Luxair (LG), Middle Eastern Airlines (ME), Montenegro Airlines (YM), Neos Air (NO), Norwegian Air Shuttle (DY), Pegasus Airlines (PC), Qatar Airways (QR), Royal Air Morac (AT), Royal Jordanian (RJ), Ryanair (FR), S7 Airlines (S7), SAS (SK), Saudi Arabian Airlines (SV), Singapore Airlines (SQ), Swiss Airlines (LX), TAP Portugal (TP), Tarom (RO), Thai Airways (TG), Transavia (HV), Transavia France (TO), Tunisair (TU), Turkish Airlines (TK), U6, Ukraine International (PS), United Airlines (UA), Uzbekistan Airways (HY), VR, Vueling (VY), Wizz Air (W6)

Airlines serving Rome-Ciampino (CIA):  Ryanair (FR) and Wizz Air (W6).


Vatican City - St. Peters BasilicaVatican City – St. Peters Basilica


Have you been to any of these countries? Please leave a comment below.

Comments 30

  1. Reading these posts make me think of all the places I still have to visit! Out of those 14, I’ve only been to : Vatican City, Aruba, Bermuda, Maldives and Liechtenstein. Great post.

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  2. I’ve been to The Vatican. I was amazed by all of the beautiful art and saddened by the poor looking for handouts. 
    I’ve also been to Bermuda! What a beautiful island! The cleanest place I’ve ever been. You’re right, it’s very expensive, but the history you’ll see is worth the visit!

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      I hear you Theresa; typical of Tourist Attractions worldwide sadly.

      Yeah, loved Bermuda as well. I really want to go back, but have to draw big on the savings account :-).


  3. Thanks for the interesting article Kerwin! I have only been to 3 of these…so far.-Liechtenstein, Gibraltar and Vatican City. Looking forward to visiting some more.

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  4. Been to Malta, Maldives, st Kitts & Nevis, Aruba, Liechtenstein,Hong Kong, Bermuda, Monaco and Vatican City. We love traveling 

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      1. We don’t know, want to do trans Siberian railway, not been to Mongolia. Our kids wanted to know how many countries we had visited and we came up with 106 so I asked them to name the Capitol cities but they wouldn’t take me up on the challenge.  Applying for global entry was interesting though. Must say I love your site Kerwin

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          It’s always fun when you don’t know :). That’s the fun part of it all.
          I really want to do that Railway as well; should be fun.

          106 is pretty impressive, congrats! You are in a unique club there. I’m sure they will at some point hehe…The fun thing about capital cities is that they are not usually what we thing they are :-).

          Global Entry is really a must have for international travelers as it saves so much time.

          Thank you so much for your compliment about the site. You made my day :). I’m glad that you find the information useful Sue.


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  5. I have been to all of them except Gibraltar. See my profile on The Best Travelled :
    I find their ranking and classification far superior to TCC. They have done an amazing work to divide the world in 1281 World Regions.
    Curious to see your TBT travel map on it 😉

  6. I have been to all of them except Gibraltar. See my profile on The Best Travelled :
    I find their ranking and classification far superior to TCC. They have done an amazing work to divide the world in 1281 World Regions.
    Curious to see your TBT travel map on it 😉

  7. Pingback: Malé and Hulhumalé, Maldives – Unfamiliar Destinations

  8. Pingback: 8. Malé and Hulhumalé, Maldives – Unfamiliar Destinations

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